29 Types of Eucalyptus to Grow for Beautiful Garden
Author: Jen Worst | Editor: Omar Alonso
Review & Research: Jen Worst & Chris Miller
The Eucalyptus genus contains more than 700 different types of eucalyptus within it. These are either present as shrubs or, more commonly, as trees. These trees are also referred to as gum trees because their fruits are called gumnuts, not to mention that the sap or oil of the trees is a popular essential oil.
29 Types of Eucalyptus
You can go through some common and well-known types of eucalypts below. Take notice of the images and when you see a eucalyptus species that sparks your interest, you can stop and read the description.
We're certain that any eucalyptus aficionado will find something new to breath excitement into your gardening hobby. And did you know that eucalyptus is one of the plants that repels spiders, which is a big bonus for some of us, indoors and outside.
Sugar gum, or Eucalyptus cladocalyx, has its origins in South Australia. The bark has several spots and features colors like yellow, gray, brown and orange. The flowers are white, cream and yellow and the wood is often used for making furniture.
Called Eucalyptus globulus, blue gum is an evergreen tree with a straight trunk that branches out midway through. The leaves are waxy with green and white colors, with the flowers being white too. The leaves of these eucalyptus varieties are used to extract essential oils.
Cider Gum Eucalyptus
Eucalyptus gunnii or cider gum is mainly found in Tasmania in Australia. The leaves are oval in shape, the flowers are white in color and the fruits are columnar. The leaves are used in essential oils, while the tree itself is grown for ornamentation.
This is Eucalyptus platypus, mainly found in Western Australia. The leaves of these eucalyptus types are round and green, while the bark or trunk is quite thin. The fruits are cone-shaped and brown-pink in color. This is a popular horticultural variety.
Red Flowering Gum
Eucalyptus ficifolia is quite a small gum tree. Found mainly in Australia, these types of eucalyptus have wide and sticky green leaves. It is planted widely all over the world in gardens and households. The flowers of this tree are unique since they are red, unlike the usual white color of the flowers of this genus.
Eucalyptus rubida, also called white gum, is natively found in Australia but grown across the world. The trunk is thick but short and even; the leaves are rounded and the fruits look like trumpets. The bark is interesting since it falls off in ribbon-like shapes.
Eucalyptus viminalis has trees that can grow anywhere between 150 feet and 300 feet. The barks of these varieties of eucalyptus are usually relatively thin, branching off at the midpoint. These also tend to shed often. The bark is used for making small objects, like bowls, while the powder or sap has been used by the indigenous populations.
Omeo gum, or Eucalyptus neglecta, is native to Victoria in Australia. The bark is brown, gray and quite fibrous. The flowers usually grow in clusters while the leaves come in pairs or groups too. These leaves are atypical since they also grow on the crown. Having access to this natural spider repellent is good in Australia, where there's some massive spiders crawling about.
Eucalyptus astringens is primarily found in parts of Australia. The trunk is quite even and glossy while the leaves are thick and pointed and the flowers are white, yellow or cream. Its wood has its uses in making objects, construction and tanning.
Sand Mallee Eucalyptus
Eucalyptus eremophila has a relatively short trunk, often branching out immediately. It can grow up to 30 feet in height. The flower buds usually grow and bloom together in clusters. The tree works well for horticulture.
Silver Dollar Gum
Scientifically called Eucalyptus polyanthemos, this tree is native to Australia but is also grown in other parts of the world. The bark is typically soft and fibrous, often showing spots. The leaves are popular among florists while the wood is used for construction and as firewood.
Silver Drop Gum
This grows as a small shrub and is a variety of Eucalyptus gunnii. The trunks of these types of eucalyptus are short and the leaves are dark to silver green in color, usually being oval or rounded in shape. It can reach a height of up to three feet.
Eucalyptus gillenii, also called mallee red gum, is found in the inner parts of Australia. The bark of these varieties of eucalyptus are even and glossy, often featuring small spots. This tree can grow up to 20 feet tall and tends to feature white flower clusters and spherical or conical fruit.
Dwarf Apple Eucalyptus
This is a mallee belonging to the Angophora or Eucalyptus hispida classification. It can either grow as a plant or a small tree that grows around 25 feet tall. There are no stalks that lead to the large leaves. The flowers are white and hairy like other species in the genus.
The Eucalyptus perriniana is mainly found in New South Wales in Australia along with some other parts of Australia. These eucalyptus types usually grow in cold climates, with the bark shedding itself often. It is a rare tree, although its parts are sometimes used in biotechnology.
Also called brittle gum or scientifically called Eucalyptus mannifera, this tree can grow up to 80 feet tall. The bark, trunk and branches are gray-white in color, although you can sometimes observe red splotches. This tree loves shallow and coarse soils.
Snow Gum Eucalyptus
Eucalyptus pauciflora is a kind of shrub-like tree with pretty thin trunks and branches. The leaves are rounded and usually pale green in color. The green and pink buds blossom into white flowers. This tree can survive extremely cold temperatures. If you plant these in your garden or in containers on your patio, you can rest easy knowing eucalyptus is one of the plants that repel ticks.
Florist Silver Dollar
The Eucalyptus pulverulenta ‘Baby Blue’ is a shrub with thin tree-like trunks and barks. The leaves are distinct since they are oval and have a silver-green color. They are also usually stacked atop each other on the branch. These are different kinds of eucalyptus that have white flowers that bloom in the months of spring and fall.
Eucalyptus camaldulensis is commonly called red gum or river red gum. The trunk is thick and fibrous while the bark is smoother and lighter. These types of eucalyptus usually grow along waterbodies in parts of Australia with uses in horticulture while also providing valuable timber for furniture.
Eucalyptus sideroxylon is a tree sometimes growing over 100 feet tall. The bark is gray-brown in color with several stripes or wrinkles across it. Red Ironbark’s flowers can be white, yellow, cream or red in color. The leaves are mainly used to produce essential oils.
Scribbly Gum Eucalyptus
Native to Sydney in Australia, Eucalyptus haemastoma trees are characterized by their silver-gray or white barks and typical cone-shaped fruit. There are many scribbles left by bugs on the trunk, thus earning them their name. Up to 15 flowers can grow together in a cluster.
Eucalyptus citriodora or Corymbia citriodora is a tree that can grow as tall as 150 feet, sometimes even more. The bark is a stunning white but often has gray and pink hues as well. The leaves are small and the flowers are white, growing in pairs or threes. They are also used for producing essential oils.
Bald Island Marlock
Bald Island marlock, called Eucalyptus conferruminata, has thin barks like other mallees. This bark is also light brown to white in color, while the leaves are green, sticky and oval-shaped. Mainly grown for horticultural purposes, this tree can grow around 25 feet tall.
Eucalyptus nicholii mainly grows in New South Wales in Australia. The trunk is thick and brown while the leaves are thin and narrow, just like a willow tree. This tree can reach a height of around 60 feet, although some remain much shorter. This is a vulnerable species.
Mountain Gum Eucalyptus
These types of eucalyptus bear the scientific name Eucalyptus dalrympleana. The bark grows tall and has multiple branches with egg-like leaves, creamy flowers and triangular fruit. The bark sometimes sheds in ribbon-like shapes. The tree is mainly grown for horticultural purposes.
The blue-leaved mallee is called Eucalyptus polybractea. Growing like a tall shrub, this variety has thin barks that immediately branch out. These are dark in color and tend to shed often. The plant can reach a height of around 30-35 feet. Its leaves are used to produce essential oils.
Eucalyptus deglupta is called the rainbow gum because of its unique bark and trunk that has multiple colors, including brown, orange, green, yellow and red. These trees are mainly found in the rainforests of Indonesia and the Philippines. These eucalyptus varieties are used to obtain pulpwood.
Salmon Gum Eucalyptus
Eucalyptus salmonophloia can grow up to 100 feet tall, with some remaining only around 15 feet tall. The bark is light brown, pale pink or white and is generally quite smooth. It can live for over 100 years and its wood is mainly used for construction and furniture.
Silver Princess Gum
Eucalyptus caesia is mainly found in the western regions of Australia. The bark is red and pink in color initially, although this tends to flake off in curled-up ribbons. The flowers are red and yellow in color, with their bases being white.
That's what we have for you, but if you want a full list of all the eucalyptus species, Wikipedia has an alphabetical list, including hundreds. Just because these different kinds of eucalyptus exist doesn't mean you can get your hands on them for your home, but you may enjoy learning more about them.
Types of Eucalyptus for an Exotic Garden
It is clear that each of these different types of eucalyptus and varieties of gum trees and shrubs has distinct features, characteristics, origins and uses. Based on what you need them for, you can now make an informed choice or simply leave this article knowing more about the varied eucalyptus species.